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Clean energy


  • The 2005-2010 Renewable Energy Plan aims for 12.1% of total energy consumption and 30.3% of electricity consumption to be supplied by renewable sources by 2010.
  • The 2005-2010 Renewable Energy Plan aims for transport fuels to include a mix of 5.83% biofuels by 2010.
  • Subsidies to promote the development and introduction of renewable energy including: biomass gasification, obtaining and using hydrogen or thermoelectric solar energy.

Basque Country

  • Target to increase renewable energy consumption to 12% by 2010 and 15% of electricity demand.
  • Target to integrate 12% of biofuels in total fuel consumption by 2012.
  • Target to have all thermal electricity generated by combined cycle natural gas plants.
  • Renewable portfolio standard of 3,750 GWh/year of renewable energy by 2012.


  • Target to double the amount of renewable energy (primary energy consumption) from 8-16% by 2020.
  • Target to double the share of renewable energy in final energy consumption to 20%.
  • Target to increase the share of renewable energy in electricity generated to 25-30%.
  • Target to increase the contribution of geothermal energy to 1-2% of electricity generated and heat supplied.
  • Target to increase the share of biomass in the production of primary energy to 8%.

British Columbia

  • Requirement that all new electricity projects have zero net GHG emissions.
  • Strategy to assist BC in becoming electricity self sufficient by 2016.
  • Research and development in organic fuel resources such as wood waste cogeneration and biofuel production.
  • The Innovation Clean Energy (ICE) Fund assists clean power technology projects.


  • Target for land-based wind farms to produce 1000 MW by 2010.
  • Target for sea-based wind farms to reach an operational capacity of 500 MW by 2015.
  • Target to increase biomass from wood production from 120 MW to 220 MW by 2013.
  • 25 local mechanization equipments on farms are to be operational by 2009 to produce biogas.
  • Target to provide 10% of the regions electricity consumption from renewable energy from maritime sources by 2020.
  • The National Partnership Programme on Renewable Marine Energies (IPANEMA) in partnership with six other French regions and state agencies will test a range of marine technologies.


  • The Million Solar Roofs plan will lead to one million solar roofs in California by 2018 and enables consumers who install solar panels on their homes and businesses to sell excess energy back to power companies for credit on their monthly bills.
  • Renewable portfolio standard of 20% by 2010 and 33% by 2020.


  • Target of 11% of renewable energy in total primary energy consumption by 2015.
  • Subsidies to promote the introduction and development of renewable energy.
  • Training programs for professionals and education campaigns to promote renewable energy research and development.
  • Subsidies for the development of solar thermal power for industrial processes.


  • Renewable portfolio standard of 27% renewable energy by 2020.
  • The CT Clean Energy Fund supports the construction and operation of 150 MW of new clean energy generation.
  • The CT Clean Energy Options program allows electricity customers in Connecticut to support clean energy.


  • Target of 6% of renewable energy sources in electricity production by 2010.
  • Renewable Energy Certificates are an obligation for electricity producers to ensure that a minimum amount of their electricity sold originates from renewable sources (6% in 2010).
  • The Ecological Subsidy allows companies making ecological investments in the Flemish Region to apply for a financial contribution in a tender procedure.


  • Objective to install 80,000 m² of new solar panels in social housing and 40,000 m² on public buildings.
  • Objective to extend heating networks and connect 30,000 new homes to these networks by 2010
  • Objective to burn 300,000 tonnes of wood a year in collective boilers which represent 100,000 dwellings.
  • Objective to extend the heat produced by burning household waste to connect 100,000 more dwellings by 2010.
  • Objective to add an additional 30,000 dwellings that use geothermal power by 2010.
  • Grants are offered to private individuals to help achieve some of these targets.


  • A geothermal program provides incentives and tax credits for homeowners and commercial building owners and financial assistance to the industry to expand their drilling capacity.

New South Wales

  • Target to achieve 20% renewable energy consumption by 2020 in light of the Federal Governments expanded Renewable Energy Target.
  • State-wide regulatory reforms to attract new renewable energy investment.
  • The Renewable Energy Development Program (REDP) provides funding for the demonstration and early commercialisation of new renewable energy technologies.
  • The Solar Bonus Scheme is a net feed-in tariff model and will pay the owners of eligible solar PV systems AU60 c/kWh (US55 c/kWh) for the energy they feed into the national electricity grid.

North Rhine-Westphalia

  • Target to increase the share of renewables in the electricity supply from 8.7 TWh in 2005 to 20 TWh by 2020.
  • Target to increase the share of renewables in heat production from 5 TWh to 20 TWh by 2020.
  • Through the initiative Warmepumpen Marktplatz NRW, 43,000 heat pumps are being installed in NRW, with a target of about 200,000 by 2020.
  • By 2020, 100 new and existing residential estates are to be extended to meet solar estate standards of the future, with passive buildings and geothermal heat pumps.
  • A pilot plant for hydrogen generation from waste water treatment plants.


  • The Green Energy Act (GEA) will boost investment in renewable energy projects, increase conservation and eliminate many of the barriers faced by renewable energy developers.
  • A new feed-in tariff (FIT) will provide a guarantee of market-viable prices for energy generated from wind, solar, hydro, biomass and biogas.


  • Investments are planned going forward to 2015 in order to accelerate energy production from hydroelectric and wind sources.
  • A new program to support the development of new forms of renewable energy in Québec such as geothermal, solar, marine turbines, biofuels and new energy technologies related to electric cars.
  • Target for gasoline distributors to include 5% of ethanol in their overall fuel sales by 2012. Quebec favors the development of second-generation ethanol over grain based ethanol.
  • Investments in the implementation of smart meters in households and businesses.


  • Target of 10% of energy from renewable sources by 2010 and 15% by 2020.
  • The Solar Hot Water Rebate Scheme gives eligible participants access to a solar hot water heater at a more affordable price that what is currently available in the open market.
  • Establishment of the Office of Clean Energy to promote the use of renewable energy and remove regulatory barriers preventing renewable energy development.
  • The Solar Bonus Scheme (Feed-in Tariff) pays households and small businesses whose solar systems feed excess electricity back to the grid a bonus of AU44c/kWh (US37c/kWh).
  • Thirteen new areas are being opened up for tender for geothermal exploration.
  • Investment in the establishment of a Queensland Geothermal Centre of Excellence.
  • The Renewable Energy Fund provides support to industry to deploy significant renewable energy generation.

Sao Paulo State

  • Sao Paulo has developed Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) biogas to energy projects.
  • Project BEST, supported by the European Union, aims to have 160 buses running on bioethanol from 2006 to 2009.
  • The State Special Commission of Bioenergy with the objective to elaborate the Plan of Bioenergy of the State of Sao Paulo.
  • The Agro-environmental Protocol for Green Ethanol (Green Ethanol Project) is a voluntary process certification scheme to promote best practices beyond business-as-usual in the sugarcane sector.
  • Legislation passed requiring buildings with more than three bathrooms to use solar heating systems.


  • Target to generate 50% of Scotland's electricity from renewable sources by 2020 with an interim target of 31% by 2011.
  • Target to meet 20% of total energy demand from renewables by 2020 including a tenfold increase in heat energy from renewables and in renewable fuel used for transport.
  • Funding for community and micro-generation has been tripled.
  • A £10 million (US$14 million) Saltire Prize aims to stimulate the development of clean marine renewable energy technology.

South Australia

  • Target to increase the proportion of renewable electricity generated so it comprises at least 20% of electricity generated in the State by 31 December 2014.
  • Target to increase the proportion of renewable electricity consumed so that it comprises at least 20% of electricity consumed in the State by 31 December 2014.
  • The solar feed-in scheme rewards households and small energy consumers using solar panels AU44 cents (US27 cents) for every unit of electricity they feed back into the electricity grid.
  • Funding towards developing and upgrading solar power stations.
  • Commitment to greening South Australia's schools including the Green School Grants program.

South Holland

  • Adopted the European Commission's 20-20-20 climate objectives of which approximately 125 peta joule of renewable energy must be produced in South Holland by 2020.
  • Wind energy target of 350 MW by 2015, and a provisional target of 1000 MW by 2020.
  • The Energy policy in implementation perspective prioritizesthe stimulation of innovations in the field of wind, geothermal heat, residual heat, cold/heat storage and biogas.

Upper Austria

  • Target to generate 100% of electricity and heating energy from renewable sources by 2030.
  • Renewable energy sources provide 76.8% of Upper Austria's total electricity consumption and 40% of its total heat consumption.


  • The Victorian Renewable Energy Target is a market based certificate scheme that sets a target of 10% of Victoria's electricity acquisitions being from renewable sources by 2016.
  • The Victorian Government has a target to increase its use of Greenpower (energy produced by certified renewable energy sources) to 25% by 2010.
  • Introducing a feed-in tariff that pays households a fair price for any excess power they generate from renewable energy.
  • Strongly promoting and attracting new investment in solar technology.
  • Setting new regulatory frameworks to guide and attract investment in renewable energy.


  • Development of a scheme to install renewable microgeneration in fuel-poor households.


  • Target to generate 8% of electricity from renewable energy sources by 2010 (1.8% in 2000).
  • Green Certificates System is quotas of renewable energy to be supplied by energy services companies increase renewable energy production.
  • Target to produce 12% of overall low temperature thermal consumption (heating, sanitary hot water, low temperature industrial applications) from renewable energy sources by 2010 (5% in 2000).
  • The SOLTHERM program aims to have 200 000 m² of solar panels installed by 2010 by means of information campaigns and incentives.

Western Australia

  • Target to increase renewable energy generation on the South West Interconnected System to 15% by 2020 and 20% by 2025.
  • Clean energy target of 50% by 2010 and 60% by 2020.
  • Targeted State Government purchase of 20% renewable energy by 2010.
  • The Low Emission Energy Development Fund will provide funding for low emission energy demonstration projects, particularly geothermal energy.
  • Creating a regulatory framework necessary for the development of a geothermal energy industry in Western Australia.
  • The Sustainable Energy Development Office (SEDO) is developing and implementing policies and programs aimed at stimulating growth in the sustainable energy industry.
  • Awareness raising and tools for households, government and businesses to better manage energy in ways that make a tangible difference to the environment.
  • Grants, rebates and incentives for homes and businesses to adopt renewable energy.
  • Narrogin's Integrated Wood Processing (IWP) demonstration plant processes mallee trees to generate electricity.

Western Cape

  • Target of 10% of renewable energy purchased by the Provincial Government by 2010.
  • Mainstreaming the use of renewable energy technologies within all public buildings in the province through measures such as solar heating, retro-fitting and more energy efficient building designs.
  • The Sustainable Energy Strategy ensures energy security, promotes a more sustainable supply-side mix, promotes energy efficiency, and promotes renewable energy.
  • The roll-out of 1000 solar water geysers in the Western Cape to help deal with the challenges of poverty, energy efficiency and climate change mitigation.
  • Funding from the German Government has been secured for an extensive grid study for the Western Cape Province to develop a business case for renewable energy (wind, solar and wave), and for support in generating a policy framework and support systems.


  • An estimated 17% of the total energy used in Yukon comes from renewable sources including hydro, wind and wood fuel for home heating.
  • The Yukon is committed to upgrading hydroelectricity infrastructure to reduce emissions from energy production and extending the electrical grid to provide additional green energy.

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