The Region of Ile-de-France
- The Region of Ile-de-France
- 11.8 million
- €481 billion
GHG emissions (year): 79 million tons CO2e (2005). For more info on political and economic context, see below.
Île-de-France is the wealthiest and most populated regional area in Europe, largely because it contains the city of Paris and its commuter belt: 99% of its population live within this metropolitan area. IBy area, 45% of the region is used for crop farming and 23% is managed forest. However, urban growth is encroaching on these rural areas, gaining 1000 square kilometers over the last 50 years. Services make up a massive 72% of employment, with other major sectors including trade (13%) and industry (10%). If Île-de-France were a country, it would rank as the 15th wealthiest in the world.
The Conseil Regional d'Ile-de-France is a local authority implementing policies with an annual budget of 4.7 billion euros, attributed to two major sectors: transport and high schools. The jurisdiction of the Conseil Regional implements further policies, including research and development, economic development, housing, health and culture.
The Conseil Regional also implements environmental and energy policies that includes plans, subsidies, information production and project development. However, the jurisdiction of the Conseil Regional is focused on two major sectors, transport and high schools, but also implements policies in other areas including climate and energy (as well as research and development, economic development, housing, health, culture etc).
The Conseil Regional appoints ARENE (Regional Agency for Environment and New Energy), to help with information deployment, data collection and prospective analysis, as well as partners like ADEME (national Agency for the Environment and Energy Management) which participates through its local board, to implement these policies.
The two main contributors to the region’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are transportation and buildings, with a 48% and 31% share respectively. Other contributors are the power (8%) and industrial (6%) sectors.
In June 2011, Île-de-France adopted a Climate Plan, setting out priorities for climate change mitigation and adaptation. The Plan contains 24 far-reaching action points, with an absolute emissions reduction target of 75% by 2050 (1990 levels). The regional Government will set many precedents and take a leading role in supporting the development of new low carbon markets throughout its own activities. Moreover, the Conseil Regional is currently working with the government services to realize a “Schéma Régional Climat Air Energy (SRCAE)” (regional roadmap for climate, air pollution and energy). This document will provide a full scenario with targets by sector and should be adopted and published by November 2012.
The Conseil Regional voted 50 million Euros in investment in its 2012 budget to refurbish high schools. The creation of a sustainable public procurement network will help authorities exchange experiences and bundle their purchasing power. The region is also planning the creation of a “Climate Club” (Club Climat), a forum gathering the main regional players to develop new actions for mitigation and adaption to climate change.
A strong emphasis is put on energy efficiency in the Climate Plan, with the political rationale of increasing fairness. A new semi public company (“Société d’économie mixte”) will be formed with a budget superior to 15 million euros, in order to support the refurbishment of apartment blocks and public building stock, as well as to develop the region’s renewable energy potential, starting in 2012.
A special advisory service will also help small and medium sized enterprises manage their resources more efficiently.
Conseil Regional subsidies on clean energy investments include 20 million euros to help install renewable energy devices.
Île-de-France is becoming a leader in geothermal energy, with around 80% of France´s geothermal energy produced here. 150,000 homes are heated in this way, avoiding 30,000 tons of carbon emissions annually.
The energy policy package will be revised in 2012, to increase ambition.
The region promotes the use of technologies such as video conferencing to reduce business travel. It also promotes sustainable commercial transport and aims to double the amount of merchandise transported via the region’s waterways by 2020. This will reduce road and rail freight volumes and will reduce overall emissions.
Sustainable land use
14% of the region’s territory is protected as Regional Natural Park land. The Agency for Green Spaces manages 12,500 hectares of nature reserves.
The Region has three action plans that will together achieve a processing capacity of 6 million tons of waste per year. First, a domestic waste plan, which will increase biomass capacity to 40% and recycle 60%; second, a plan for processing hazardous waste which requires producers of the substances to help recycle or treat them; third, a plan for reducing the waste from health products by 30%.
Devolved powers and competencies relevant to climate and energy
The Conseil Regional implements environmental and energy policies with plans, subsidies, information production and projects development. It is currently working with the government services to realize a “Schéma Régional Climat Air Energy (SRCAE)” (regional roadmap for climate, air pollution and energy). This document should be adopted and published by November 2012.
Most important economic sectors
Service sector (72% of the employment), trade and local shops (13%), and industry (10%).
GHG breakdown by sector (%):