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The Scottish Government

Name
The Scottish Government
Population
5.3 million (2011)
GDP
£145 billion (2012)
The Scottish Government

Overview

GHG emissions: 52.895 million tons CO2e (2012 - before adjustment for EU ETS)

Official statistics of 2012 Greenhouse Gas Emissions show a substantial reduction in unadjusted emissions in Scotland of 29.9% from the 1990 baseline. Adjusted for EU ETS and including international aviation and shipping, the reduction was 26.4%. Scotland remains on track to achieving its ambitious climate change target of a 42% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020.

49.6% (provisional figure) equivalent of Scotland’s gross electricity production was generated from renewables in 2014 (up from 16.9% in 2006).  Scotland achieved a 9.25% reduction in final energy consumption in 2011 compared to 2005-07 baseline.


Key Targets / Successes

Climate policy and GHG emissions reduction targets:

GHG targets:

Annual targets set in statute:

  • At least 42% cut by 2020 (compared to 1990)
  • Equivalent of a 56% cut by 2027 (compared to 1990)

Energy Targets:

  • 50% equivalent gross electricity demand from renewables by 2015; 100% by 2020
  • 30% overall energy demand from renewables by 2020
  • 12% reduction in overall energy use by 2020 compared to 2005-07 baseline
  • 2030 decarbonization target for energy sector of 50gCO2/kWh

Most innovative climate actions and emissions reduction successes: 

  • 29.9% gross reduction in emissions 1990-2012. Adjusted for EU ETS and including international aviation and shipping the reduction was 26.4%: over half way to achieving the target of a 42% cut by 2020
  • 49.6% (provisional figure) equivalent of Scotland’s gross electricity production was generated from renewables in 2014 (up from 16.9% in 2006).
  • 10 million tonnes of CO2 emissions were displaced by renewable electricity generation in Scotland in 2012.
  • 9.25% reduction in final energy consumption in 2011 compared to 2005-07 baseline.

Current Activities

Low carbon and environmental services is a fast growing sector in Scotland with £10.1 billion market value in 2011-12, engaging 4,200 companies and supporting 78,000 jobs. Scotland’s overall market value is forecast to grow by 30% to £13.2 billion in the period 2011-12 to 2016-17.

Investment in renewable energy in Scotland continues to grow, with industry announcing over £13 billion of investment between 2010 and 2013, and the sector now supporting around 12,000 jobs.

The Scottish Government has set out its plans to invest almost £1.3 billion over three years 2013 to 2016 in measures that will help to deliver emissions cuts.

Scotland’s 2020 Climate Group is supporting delivery, with 140 individuals from 100 organizations, including some of the largest businesses, central government, local authorities, universities, charities and SMEs.

Flagship initiative:

Peterhead Carbon Capture and Storage:
Planned as the world’s first full-chain gas-fired industrial-scale CCS demonstration project to capture around 1 Mt CO2 per year. The North Sea can store 50 years of current annual CO2 emissions from the EU.

Renewable Energy:

  • Scotland already accounts for 60% of the UK’s onshore wind and is home to two of Europe’s biggest wind farms, Whitelee and Clyde both near Glasgow.
  • Scotland is at the forefront of the development of marine energy technologies. There are more different wave and tidal power devices being developed and tested in Scotland than there are in any other country in the world. The European Marine Energy Centre in Orkney is the only centre of its kind to offer grid-connected, accredited, open-sea testing facilities for wave and tidal technologies.
  • Construction on the first phase of Atlantis/MayGen’s £51 million tidal power project will begin soon in the Pentland Firth. Once completed, the 269 turbine development could power almost 175,000 homes.
  • Scotland is leading the rest of the UK in supporting community and locally owned renewable energy projects. By 2020 we aim for 500 megawatts generating up to £2.24 billion in income for communities over the lifetime of the projects. By June 2014, Scotland had 361 megawatts community projects in operation.
  • Samsung Heavy Industries has one of the world’s very largest offshore wind turbines on test at the Fife Energy Park in Scotland.

Energy efficiency:

  • Scotch Whisky industry contributes almost £5 billion to the UK economy, 25% of UK food and drink exports, and supports 40,000 jobs. The industry’s ambitious and wide-ranging Environmental Strategy in 2009 embraces the entire whisky manufacturing sector in Scotland with commitments to reducing emissions, moving away from fossil fuels and cutting waste.
  • Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings. Scotland is creating important expertise on the retrofit of energy efficiency to historic buildings which it can share with other countries.
  • Since 2008, loft and cavity wall insulation has been installed in over 540,000 homes through the Carbon Emissions Reduction Target scheme assisted by Scottish Government programmes. More than 58,000 energy efficiency measures - such as loft and wall insulation and new boilers - were installed in homes during 2013 under the Energy Company Obligations (ECO) which is supported by the Scottish Government’s Home Energy Efficiency Programmes for Scotland (HEEPS), working together with local authorities. The Scottish Government will spend almost a quarter of a billion pounds over a three year period on fuel poverty and energy efficiency.

Clean transportation:

  • Aberdeen is home to Europe’s largest fleet of hydrogen fuel cell buses. This pioneering project will also explore the potential for hydrogen to help balance the grid.

Urban environment/smart cities:

  • Glasgow City Council is the first UK local authority financed by Green Investment Bank to begin modernizing its 70,000 street lights with LEDs.  Scotland-wide, LED street lighting could save the public sector £1.3 billion over 20 years (excluding financing costs).
  • Sustainable Major Events.  Glasgow’s 2014 Commonwealth Games were the world’s first “retrofit” games with 70% of the facilities already existing in the city and delivering an important legacy on green transport.  The 2014 Ryder Cup Green Drive integrated sustainability into all aspects of event planning, staging and legacy.

Sustainable land use:

  • Scotland is increasing tree planting rates close to the target level of 10,000 hectares per year. Meanwhile £15 million has been allocated for peat land restoration.

Adaptation:

  • Scotland’s first statutory Climate Change Adaptation Programme was published in May 2014, addressing the impacts identified for Scotland in the UK Climate Change Risk Assessment (CCRA) published under section 56 of the UK Climate Change Act 2008.

International Climate Finance:

  • Scotland’s innovative £6 million Climate Justice Fund, with one-off funding from Hydro-Nation, is supporting some of the world’s poorest and most vulnerable people through 11 water adaptation projects in Malawi, Zambia, Tanzania and Rwanda.
  • The Scottish Government’s International Development Fund is giving £3.5m to support off-grid community energy projects in Malawi.
  • Scotland’s 2020 Climate Group, Glasgow Caledonian University, Keep Scotland Beautiful and SolarAid, supported by £200,000 from the Scottish Government and also DfID’s UK Aid Match, are raising funds from across Scottish society for “Scotland Lights up Malawi”, a project to help eradicate kerosene lamps, batteries and candles in Malawi by 2020. 

More Info

Devolved powers and competencies relevant to climate and energy:

Responsibility for tackling climate change is fully devolved to the Scottish Parliament.

Most important economic sectors:

Oil and Gas, Food and Drink, Financial and Business Services, Life Sciences, Energy and Low Carbon Economy, Tourism and Creative Industries.

GHG breakdown by sector

Scottish Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Gas and by Scottish Government Sector, 2012. Values in Mt CO2e

TOTAL

Carbon dioxide

Methane

Nitrous oxide

Fluorinated gases

TOTAL

52.9

39.8

6.8

5.1

1.2

Energy Supply

17.1

16.5

0.4

0.1

0.0

Agriculture and related land use

11.2

3.0

3.6

4.6

0.0

Transport (excluding international aviation and shipping)

10.5

10.4

0.0

0.1

0.0

Business and Industrial process

8.5

7.4

0.0

0.1

1.1

Business

8.1

6.9

0.0

0.1

1.1

Industrial Process

0.4

0.4

0.0

0.0

0.0

Residential

7.3

7.0

0.1

0.0

0.2

Waste Management

2.8

0.0

2.7

0.1

0.0

International Aviation and Shipping

2.4

2.3

0.0

0.0

0.0

International aviation

1.1

1.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

International Shipping

1.3

1.3

0.0

0.0

0.0

Development

1.7

1.7

0.0

0.0

0.0

Public

1.4

1.4

0.0

0.0

0.0

Forestry

-9.9

-10.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Electricity Generation Mix - Scotland 2013

 

Output (GWh)

Proportion of Output

Nuclear

18,498

34.9%

Coal *

10,826

20.4%

Gas

5,443

10.3%

Oil

595

1.1%

Hydro pumped storage

615

1.2%

Renewables

16,967

32.0%

Other thermal

127

0.2%

Total

53,071

-

*Coal includes a small quantity of non-renewable wastes (source)

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