India Economic Survey urges global Clean Revolution to hit emission reduction targets
- 30 March 2012
NEW DELHI: The Government’s annual Economic Survey 2011-12 says India must adopt a low carbon growth path to help reach national emissions reduction targets, and calls for greater collaboration from developed countries.
The Economic Survey 2011-12 was presented by Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee before the Union Budget in parliament last week, and states that India must assume a sustainable growth path to meet the country’s targets of cutting GDP intensity by 20-25% by 2020.
The plan appears in the Economic Survey’s brand new Sustainable Development and Climate Change chapter, which opens by framing its importance in the context of global climate discussions. It says: “The Earth Summit in Rio in June 2012 will take stock of sustainable development priorities globally. The [COP17] Durban meeting in December 2011 has set some directions for appropriate responses to climate change. And closer to home, the 12th Five Year Plan commencing in April 2012, is setting out India’s priorities for a sustainable and inclusive, lower carbon development path.”
The Survey outlines the key role of state level government in adopting climate policies to lower the country’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and suggests putting low carbon growth at the core of India’s 12th Five Year Plan which commences in April 2012.
India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) and its announced domestic goal of reducing the emission intensity of its GDP were listed in the Survey as “important measures” already taken, backing its assertion that India's per capita carbon emissions are much lower than those of the developed countries.
Clarifying the need for collaboration from developed countries, the Survey stated that India will not diverge from its wider economic growth in the low carbon development process: “These commitments are to be implemented in the form of reduction of GHG emissions by the developed countries with reference to 1990 levels and provision of support to developing countries in terms of finance and technology so as to enable them to take voluntary mitigation and adaption measures. The Convention recognizes that economic and social development and poverty eradication are the ‘first and overriding priorities’ of the developing countries.”
Aditi Dass, Director of Programmes in India, The Climate Group commented: "The addition of a separate chapter on sustainable development and climate change in the Economic Survey is yet another strong climate care statement that the Government has made. Having taken a lead on a number of actions on voluntary basis already, the clarity for the low carbon growth map will only get clearer with details of this additional chapter. All these announcements and roll-outs only reaffirm India’s growing Clean Revolution leadership through affirmative actions."
Read the Government’s Economic Survey 2011-12 or explore the new Sustainable Development and Climate Change chapter
Report: India's Clean Revolution