Second batch of low carbon city pilots given go ahead in China
- 05 September 2012
BEIJING: After the success of a first round of low carbon pilots across China, the Government is set to choose a second group in a bid to accelerate the nation’s low carbon economy.
The first batch of low carbon pilots, which began in 2010, covered five Chinese provinces and eight cities.
Following the successful progress of the first group, the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) is now evaluating potential cities and provinces that have applied to be considered for the second round. It is expected that around 20 cities and a couple of provinces will be selected.
The Government’s key objective for expanding the project is to accelerate China’s low carbon, economic growth.
In 2010, the Chinese Government picked five provinces (Guangdong, Liaoning, Hubei, Shaanxi, Yunnan) and eight cities (Tianjin, Chongqing, Shenzhen, Xiamen, Hangzhou, Nanchang, Guiyang and Baoding) as low carbon pilots.
The Government requested these pilot areas for several reasons: to calculate and set a control target amount of local GHG emissions; study and formulate GHG emissions allocation targets; establish local carbon trading regulatory and registration systems; and to nurture and build a trading platform in order to support the carbon trading pilot test system.
Equally, the second batch of low carbon pilots must possess the following four prerequisites:
- Commitment of Government leaders, who should conscientiously implement the scientific development and accelerate the transformation.
- Precise pilot objectives, including carbon intensity, proportion of non-fossil fuel among total primary energy consumption, target forest carbon sinks, and low carbon pilot development policies.
- Play an exemplary role in the low carbon development process.
- Submission of a “Low-carbon Pilot Initial Implementation Proposal”, covering the basic conditions, overall requirements, main tasks, key actions, risk management policies, organization, work plan and other related information.
A number of the batch one pilot cities have since set up special funds to support low carbon development. According to the 21st Century Business Herald, Yunnan Province has arranged an annual provincial special fund of RMB30 million, running from 2011 to 2015, to drive low carbon intensity infrastructure industry.
Similarly, during the same period, Guangdong Province has set up a special fund of RMB30 million. The money goes towards institutional mechanisms for low carbon development management systems and demonstration projects.
Besides the pilots, in October 2011 NDRC also agreed that Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing, Hubei, Guangdong Province and Shenzhen City should carry out a carbon emissions trading pilot scheme.
“The low carbon city piloting scheme in China has inspired more cities and regions to join the league to redesign urban development,” said Changhua Wu, Greater China Director, The Climate Group. “We are delighted to see that the national Government has decided to expand the piloting scheme, which offers a more supportive policy environment for China Redesign, The Climate Group’s flagship program that focuses on decarbonizing urbanization in China.”