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State of Rio de Janeiro

Population
15,989,929 (2010)
GDP
US$196.6 billion (2009)
Country
Brazil
State of Rio de Janeiro

Overview

Devolved power and competencies relevant to climate and energy in the State of Rio de Janeiro are the Green Economy State Undersecretary (Environment State Secretary) Economic Develpoment, Energy, Industry and Services Secretary.

Rio's most important commerce and services are oil and Gas, iron and steel, IT, chemical and petrochemical, and automobile. 

Current Activities

Key targets

GHG reductions By 2030 the State's carbon intensity should be lower than verified in 2005.
For power sector By 2030 the share of clean or low carbon energy should increase by 40% compared to 2010. 
By 2030 1.000 MW in cogeneration should be installed, increasing by 400% the capacity measured in 2010 (230MW).
For transport sector By 2030 GHG emissions in transport should decrease by 30% compared to 2010.
For industry Will be negotiated with the private sector.
For building sector By 2030 GHG emissions in the public sector should decrease by 30% compared to 2005, through the adoption of energy efficiency measures.
For waste sector

By 2030 GHG emissions per capita in the waste sector should decrease by 65% compared to 2005.

By 2030 recycling of residential waste should increase to 15%, from a base of 2% verified in 2010.
For agriculture and forestry sectors By 2030 the sustainable development programme for rural areas, Rio Rural, which covered 400.000 ha in 2010, should be expanded to 1.700.000 ha.
Other Sanitation: By 2030 GHG emissions per capita in sanitation should decrease by 65% compared to 2005. 

Key policies

Whole of economy By 2030 the State's carbon intensity should be lower than verified in 2005.
For power sector

Rio the Energy Capital envisages the increase of the share of renewable energies in the State´s power production.

The Energy Compensation Mechanism obliges new thermoelectrics to build renewable energy power plants (solar, eolian or biomass) in order to partially compensate the energy produced by fossil fuels. By 2020, an additional of 8.600 MW is expected to be produced by thermoelectrics, which also means an increase in 300 MW at least in renewable energies.

Fiscal subsidies, established by law, for the production and the imports of all machinery related to solar and eolian energy.
For transport sector

By 2016, the Transport State Secretary expects to increase the frequency of public transports daily travels, as follows:

  • Ferryboat: from 100.000 to 150.000;
  • Subway: from 600.000 to 1 million;
  • Train: from 500.000 to 1 million;
  • Intermunicipal bus: from 1,4 to 1,8 million.  
For industry The Green Pole will be the first technologic park with sustainable infrastructure in Brazil. Its purpose is to join high-tech companies, researchers, specialists, incubator technology and infrastructure toghether in order to promote sustainable development and synergy between industry, university and the government. 
For building sector The Development and Energy Green Fund for the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro has been created by the State to finance projects concerning sustainable infrastructure, especially those related to energy efficiency and smart grid.
For waste sector

The program Lixão Zero aims at the elimination of all inadequate waste disposal systems and technologies (e.g. dump sites) in the State by 2014.

For agriculture and forestry sectors The sustainable development program for rural areas in Rio de Janeiro, Rio Rural, intends to expand its territorial coverage from the current 400.000 ha to 1.700.000 ha, which would represent all the 270 hydrographical basins and 63% of the municipalites in the State.
Other The State Government has pledged itself to provide adequate sanitation to 80% of the State's population by 2018. 

More info

GHG breakdown by sector (%):

Power (35%)
Transport (16%)
Buildings (10%)
Industry (17%)
Agriculture/forestry (15%)
Waste (7%)

Current power sector mix (2009):

Coal 6.7%
Gas 21.1%
Nuclear 46.1%
Wind -

Solar

-

Biomass

-

Hydropower

26.1%

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