The State of Upper Austria
- The State of Upper Austria
- 1.4 million
- €46.3 billion (2009)
GHG emissions (year): 23.2 million tons CO2e (2010). For further info on economic and political context, see below.
The Austrian state of Upper Austria is the fourth-largest in the country by land area, and the third-largest by population. Upper Austria borders on the other Austrian states of Lower Austria, Styria, and Salzburg, as well as Germany and the Czech Republic.
Its most important economic sector is its industrial enterprises, including a large steel production outfit. Accordingly, industry accounts for over half (56%) of the state’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Other contributing sectors include transportation (18.5%), agriculture and forestry (8.7%), buildings (7.9%) and power (7.3%).
The state’s power sector derives nearly two thirds (56.6 %) of its electricity from hydroelectric sources, with gas and coal the other main power sources (24.9 % and 10.5% respectively). Although non-hydro renewables are yet to play a significant role in the state, Upper Austria has set hugely ambitious renewables targets for its future.
The Upper Austrian Energy strategy "Energiezukunft 2030" sets targets for transformational climate actions over a number of sectors. By 2030, the state will look to source all electrical energy consumption and space heating through renewable generation.
Not only was Upper Austria the first Austrian State to implement the EU Energy Efficiency Directive, but today, all new residential buildings must meet stringent energy efficiency standards. The key target for space heating is to produce as much heat from renewable energies as is consumed in Upper Austria by 2030.
Upper Austria increases its expertise in energy efficiency through dedicated study programs and vocational training, for example, through its university courses in Green Energy Engineering and Green Energy Installation. The Government works intensively with both companies and citizens, offering expertise and training on energy efficiency, particularly on the refurbishment of buildings.
Campaigns such as 'Minus 10% electricity consumption', 'Really Bright' and 'Efficient circulation pumps' help to raise awareness and improve energy efficiency in households. To foster innovation the Network for resource and energy efficiency was founded, to act as a cross-industry hub for manufacturing companies and technology providers, as well as promote holistically balanced energy budgets for future generations.
For the companies active in this field, the Government of Upper Austria provides a special advisory program: Betriebliche Umweltoffensive. This program is a corporate environmental initiative that provides expert advice for companies on environmental issues.
The Upper Austrian Energy Strategy 2030 sets a target to generate 100% of the State’s energy from renewable sources by 2030.
Renewable energy sources currently provide 79.2% of Upper Austria's total electricity consumption and 47.9% of its total heat consumption. Also, about 30% of its municipalities already use mainly biomass for heating.
Upper Austria has committed to reducing the consumption of fossil fuels by 41% compared to 2005 levels within the transportation sector by 2030.
Upper Austria has a strong car manufacturing industry, and its Automobile Cluster is the biggest Austrian automotive network. The Clean Motion Upper Austria program promotes the production of electric vehicles and was funded as a 'technology beacon' project by the Federal Climate and Energy Fund. The CMOmax arm project aims to produce 100% Upper Austrian-made electric vehicles; the cluster also works on the standardization of charging systems.
The EU-funded project REZIPE links electro mobility and renewables - Upper Austria aims to cover the entire state with solar-powered charging stations by 2015.
The Government of Upper Austria has also subsidized the purchase of EVs and other low emissions vehicles (between 2008 and 2010, mainly EVs, electric bicycles and electric scooters), as well as sponsored electric bikes for state employees.
Sustainable land use
Organic farming makes up 13% of the agricultural area and a total of 11% of all farms. Forests cover 41.6% of Upper Austria and woodland coverage has been continuously rising since 1990. See Green Report of Upper Austria for more information.
Upper Austria has reduced its CO2 equivalent emissions from waste by about 57% from 1990 till 2010. Organic waste is collected and treated separately, and recycling plays a major role in economy.
Since 2006, the E-GEM Program ('Energy saving communities') has encouraged Upper Austrian communities to propose their own solutions to make reductions to carbon emissions. Now, almost half of the State’s 444 Communities are implementing their own local energy strategies. With 'E-GEM plus' (expected for 2013), an additional emphasis will be laid on LED street lighting, 100% renewable energy, smart meter installations and energy efficiency in public buildings. Already leading the way, Upper Austrian Energy is a European forerunner in the roll-out of smart metering systems.
Devolved powers and competencies relevant to climate and energy
Renewable energy technologies (biomass, thermal solar systems)
Most important economic sectors
Industry (including steel production)
GHG breakdown by sector (%) in 2010:
Current power sector mix/electricity (% of production in 2010):