Low Carbon Leader: States and Regions

Reading time: 20 minutes
10 December 2007

An increasing number of sub-national governments have adopted targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Sometimes these targets are linked to the emissions reduction commitments pledged by their national governments under the Kyoto Protocol, but they are often more ambitious. Many have also developed comprehensive strategies to underpin and deliver the targets they have set, a demonstrable sign of their commitment.

But the real challenge for state and regional governments, and perhaps the most significant indicator of leadership, is the implementation process. Making a real difference means driving the policies forward to deliver the emissions reductions necessary to meet the strategic objectives and targets.

The 12 case studies outlined in this publication show that states and regions across the six continents of the world are making considerable progress. We have highlighted specific initiatives and projects to enable the sharing of experiences and encourage replication and scale-up. The examples show a vast range of activities undertaken to tackle climate change, including regulatory, market and fiscal measures across most industry sectors. Many of these measures will deliver not only environmental benefits but also financial benefits, both to the individual consumer and the wider economy. Some initiatives require partnerships to assist with financing and/or in knowledge and technology transfer. A further exciting development is that neighbouring states have started to collaborate with one another, amplifying the emissions reductions that can be achieved

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