US submits INDCs ahead of Paris climate talks

Beth Woodthorpe-Evans
Reading time: 4 minutes
31 March 2015

LONDON: The United States submitted today its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) with a target of reducing its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 26-28% below 2005 levels by 2025.

The US proposal doubles the pace of carbon pollution reduction from 1.2% per year during the 2005-2020 period to 2.3-2.8% per year between 2020 and 2025.

The White House has provided its own ambitious pledge alongside Russia, which also submitted its INDC today. These efforts provide real momentum for a successful international climate accord to be finalized in Paris (COP21) at the end of the year.

Evan Juska, Head of US policy, The Climate Group, commented: “This pledge affirms that the US is committed to achieving a new international climate agreement in Paris this year.  Despite a challenging political environment at home, it is on the high end of what is realistically possible using existing authorities. 

“Just as important as the pledge itself, is the way it was announced – in partnership with emerging economies like China, India and Mexico. That’s the kind of good faith that has been missing to date, and should bode well for future cooperation. 

“The plan is not without its challenges. It will have to withstand Congressional opposition, legal challenges and a regulatory process that will extend beyond this Presidency. But the key processes are in place, and the Administration seems poised to defend them."


The US, the biggest GHG emitter after China, joins 32 other countries that have submitted their INDCs before today’s deadline, accounting for over 50% of CO2 emissions globally. Accelerated climate action and deep cuts in emissions are still needed to build a sustainable trajectory in the post-2020 global climate framework.

So far these are the post-2020 emissions reduction targets: 

  • Switzerland: 50% GHG emissions reduction by 2030.
  • Norway: 40% by 2030, compared to 1990 level.
  • Mexico: 22% GHG emissions reduction by 2030.
  • EU: 40% GHG emissions reduction by 2030; 80% by 2050.
  • USA: 26-28% below 2005 by 2025.

Our latest Insight Briefing takes an in-depth look at INDCs and this critical economic opportunity. It examines what an INDC actually is and the impact they are likely to have on the road to Paris and beyond.



Beth Woodthorpe-Evans
Media Relations Manager, The Climate Group
T: +44 7912 514 445 -


By Andrew Pickens

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