The State of Baden-Wuerttemberg

Population: 10.8 million (2012)
GDP: 36,019 EUR per capita (2012)
Country: Germany

GHG emissions (year): 76 million tons (2011)

The State of Baden-Württemberg, located in South West Germany, is one of the most prosperous regions in Europe. While lacking in natural resources, it has developed into a technology hub, with a high density of research institutions and high employment in high-tech and future technologies including green jobs and climate policies.

The state aims to become a model region for combining prosperity and sustainability, focusing its economic development on growth areas of environmental technologies, renewable energy, resource efficiency and sustainable transport. These are areas where the state believes it can build on traditional strengths in engineering, automotive industries and electronics.

Baden-Württemberg’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are split quite equitably between three main sectors; power with more than 20%, transportation with nearly 30% and buildings with about 25%. Although the power sector currently has a high nuclear capacity, the German directive for nuclear phase-out has led the state to increase investment and incentives for renewable power sources. The state aims to reduce GHG emissions by approximately 25% by 2020 and 90% by 2050 (compared to 1990 levels), and has enacted as one of the first states of Germany a ‘climate protection bill’ and bottom-up ‘integrated concept for energy and climate protection’ that will translate the goals into legally binding targets.

Based on scientific research and analysis, the cross-sectoral integrated concept for energy and climate protection will define concrete climate protection measures for the period up to 2020, and outlines a vision for the decades up to 2050 in energy, private households and services, industry, transport, waste management and agriculture. The concept looks to integrate energy and climate protection while meeting the prescribed emissions targets, and further harmonize climate protection and energy policies. In order to reach its own targets and to be a model for other combatants on climate change Baden-Württemberg develops efforts on climate protection. It supports a wide range of different projects for example in municipalities, associations and ecclesiastical authorities and as well in the industrial and the private sector. Within the framework of the European Regional Development Fund Baden-Wuerttemberg set up a program of about 30 Million Euro to encourage the most ambitious among them.

Therefore, e.g. the “Baden-Württemberg Climate Protection and Energy Agency” acts as a think tank for technical climate protection issues and promotes awareness for climate change and mitigation strategies. A network of regional energy agencies provides accessible and impartial advice and support to local communities, businesses and cities in all aspects of energy efficiency and renewable energy use.

  • Key Targets / Successes

    GHG emissions reductions and climate policy targets (e.g. by 2030):

    Reduction of GHG emissions by approximately 25% by 2020 and 90% by 2050 (compared to 1990 levels).

  • Current activities

    Energy efficiency

    In the Energy Concept 2020, the Government sets itself the goal of increasing its energy productivity by an average of 2% annually up to 2020, while at the same time reducing its primary energy consumption and keeping electricity consumption stable

    Three major campaigns aim to increase energy efficiency in the state:

    •  ‘Zukunft Altbau’ raises awareness for energy saving investments in house owners;
    •  ‘EnergieSparCheck’ co-finances expert energy efficiency checks of private homes and
    •  ‘KlimaschutzPLUS’ provides grants for local investment in renovation of public buildings.

    Renewable energy

    The climate protection bill foresees an almost complete decarbonization of Baden-Württemberg's energy sector by 2050. Nuclear power will be phased out and almost 100% of the state's energy needs should be covered by renewable energies. Some of the commitments to renewable technologies are listed below:

    • The Energy Concept 2020 foresees a doubling of the share of renewable energies in its electricity production to 20% by 2020.
    • The state also adjusted its regional planning law in order to allow for a more widespread use of wind energy, hoping the share of wind energy in its electricity production could increase from its current 0.8% to 10% by 2020.
    • Hydropower is already extensively used. Further potential is currently being explored in the catchment areas of the Rhine, Danube and Neckar.

    In 2008, Baden-Württemberg was the first German state to establish a 'renewable heating act' making the installation of a percentage of renewable energy for heating compulsory in any renovation of existing residential buildings. In 2014 the act is updated and modernized.

    Clean transport

    In its General Traffic Plan, Baden-Württemberg developed a concept for “integrated environmental mobility” by foot, bicycle and public transport. Electro-mobility is considered a major focal point of its future energy policy.  

    Sustainable land use

    Baden-Württemberg aims to make comprehensive use of biomass for energy generation. It is also supporting the development of so-call 'bioenergy villages' and promotes energy efficiency and emission reductions in the agricultural sector as well as organic farming.

    International collaboration

    Baden-Württemberg promotes action on climate protection. Good examples of this are the State’s involvement with the “Four Motors for Europe”, the “Cross-Border Upper Rhine Conference” and the “Internationale Bodenseekonferenz” (“International Lake Constance Conference”).  On October 2012 an International Climate Conference in Stuttgart took place which was supported by The Climate Group’s States and Regions Alliance. It was followed by events organized by North-Rhine-Westphalia and Bavaria. The conference in Baden-Württemberg was held within the scope of the presidency of Baden-Württemberg for the “Four Motors for Europe” and as part of the joint work in The Climate Group’s States and Regions Alliance.

    Smart Cities

    More than 80 cities and local authorities within the State are participating in the 'European Energy Award' contest or comparable programs, requiring them to undergo an internationally standardized evaluation process.  Within the 'climate neutral communities' competition, a growing number of communities embarked on the journey towards climate neutrality.

    Innovative Financing

    New and innovative financing tools are playing an important role by implementing renewable energies as well as improving energy efficiency. Particularly for public buildings the state of Baden-Württemberg supports finding new financing systems and proves new ways of contracts e.g. with private investors to improve the energy balance of buildings.

  • More info

    Devolved powers and competencies relevant to climate and energy

    Energy efficiency, renewable energy and clean transport

    Most important economic sectors

    Automotive, tool and engine building and construction, electronics, medical engineering, data handling, food production

    GHG breakdown by sector (%) in 2011:


    22.5 %


    28.4 %


    22.7 %


    13.6 %


    6.5 %


    1.4 %

    About 90 per cent of the GHG emissions in Baden-Württemberg belong to CO2. 

    Current power sector mix (%) in 2012:


    28.7 %


    4.4 %


    37.7 %


    1.1 %


    6.9 %


    6.9 %


    8.5 %

    For more information about regional activities, please see this document


Facebook icon
Twitter icon
LinkedIn icon
e-mail icon
Google icon