The State of Jalisco

Population: 7.8 million

GDP: 850.000.000 Mexican pesos

Country: Mexico

Total GHG emissions (year): 42,001.22 Gg of C02

GHG emissions/capita/year: 5.16 tons

Jalisco, one of the most important economic actors in Mexico, is located in the western part of the country and possess a territory of 78,588 km2 – a size similar to that of the Czech Republic. With over 7 million inhabitants, Jalisco is the fourth most populous state in Mexico; which about 60% of the population lives within the Greater Guadalajara Area, making it the country’s second largest city right after Mexico City.

Jalisco contributes with 6.4% (57,888 million USD) of Mexico’s GDP. Even though over 65% of Jalisco’s economic activity comes from the tertiary sector (trade, transport, real estate and other services), Jalisco’s agricultural sector leads Mexico’s national production in several produces such as corn, milk, eggs and pork meat.

The fourth part of the state territory is very sensitive to global warming; 47% of this area is dedicated to predominantly agricultural activities, 4% to livestock activities and only 3% are human settlements. Climate disruption has various effects such as reduced rainfall and soil moisture or extreme temperatures increase and intensity of rainfall, crop failures, increased pollution, increased presence of natural disasters (such as hurricanes), among others.

Based on opinion surveys for adaptation to climate change made to the population of Jalisco, it is shown that there is a partial ignorance in terms of the causes, consequences, and effects of climate change, as well as a remarkable misinformation about how to tackle climate change, and how to reduce vulnerability and adaptation measures.

When it comes to climate change actions, Jalisco has positioned itself as a local leader thanks to initiatives such as the “Low Carbon State Program” which involves the development of a carbon management tool oriented to reduce the energy consumption of the state government; the consumption of electricity from the recently inaugurated Los Altos wind farm; the upcoming publication of the “State Climate Change Action Law”; the cooperation with ICLEI-Local Governments for Sustainability, for the development of several municipal climate action plans, among other projects, all which enable Jalisco to play a significant role in the Mexican environmental policy and politics development.

  • Key Targets / Successes

    Climate policy and GHG emissions reduction targets:

    The state of Jalisco aligned to the National Climate Change Strategy, has set the following goals for reducing emissions based on 2010 emissions:

    • 30% by 2030.
    • 50% by 2050.

    Additionally, the Governor of Jalisco recently signed the Subnational Global Climate Leadership Memorandum of Understanding (Under 2 MOU). The guiding principle is the reduction of GHG emissions by 2050 in order to limit global warming to less than 2°C; this means pursuing emission reductions consistent with a trajectory of 80 to 95 percent below 1990 levels by 2050 and/or achieving a per capita annual emission goal of less than 2 metric tons by 2050. 

    Links

  • Current activities

    Renewable Energy:

    Jalisco State Government has a contract since mid-2014 to consume about the 50% of its electricity consumption from a recently inaugurated wind farm. This amount of energy accounts for an average of 50Gw/year, which is equivalent to the amount of energy that 34 thousand households consume per year with significant cost savings.

    Energy efficiency:

    • Low Carbon State Program: Jalisco State Government was chosen as one of the two pilot states in Mexico, to conform their carbon management plan which objective is to have a rational energy use in public buildings and vehicle fleets. The goal is to reduce by 2018 the 40% of the GEI emissions related to electricity and fuel consumption.
    • Energy efficiency in brick industry: Working in collaboration with Swisscontact in a project funded by the Swiss Development Agency (COSUDE) with the objective to reduce black carbon emissions from the brick sector promoting energy efficiency and technological improvements.
    • Subnational energy governance model: Since 2014 a committee was installed in order to find resources to build a model for a subnational institution that helps transit to the energy autonomy, since within the state is produced only the 4% of the energy consumed; this transition expect to be with the use of renewables. The model is being developed and the implementation will start in 2016.

    Clean transportation:

    • In the year of 2014 started the construction of the 3rd line of the electric train system in Guadalajara Metropolitan Area, which will reduce the circulation of 10,000 vehicles.
    • In 2014 was inaugurated the first phase of the public bicycle system in two municipalities of the Guadalajara Metropolitan Area.

    Waste management:

    Promoting the capture of methane from animal waste in rural areas with a pilot project that consisted on the installation of 73 biodigesters in small or medium sized farms.  This project will be replicated in other parts of the state in upcoming years.

  • More info

    GHG breakdown by sector (%):

    Based on the inventory of greenhouse gas emissions, in the year 2010 Jalisco generated 42,001.22 Gg of C02, which results in a per capita emission of 5.16 tons. The sectors that emit the most are land use, changing land use, and energy consumption, followed by the agriculture sector, industrial and waste management.

    Energy and transport

    33.98

    Agriculture

    18.28

    Industry

    5.49

    Land use and forestry

    36.59

    Waste

    5.66

    Current power sector mix (%):

    Coal

     

    Gas

     

    Nuclear

     

    Wind

    1

    Solar

    3

    Biomass

     

    Hydro

    96

    Only 4% of the energy consumed is produced within the state, the rest is generated in other states of the country with the following rate:

    Coal

    3.51

    Hydrocarbons

    88.09

    Nuclear

    1.36

    Wind

    0.17

    Solar

    0.08

    Biomass

    4.2

    Hydro

    1.12

    Geothermal

    1.46

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