The State of São Paulo

Population: 44.035.304 (IBGE, 2014)

GDP: US$534 billion

Country: Brazil

GHG emissions (year): 88.844 GgCO2 in 2005 (inventory).

São Paulo is the industrial and economic powerhouse of Brazil. The city is the largest in the southern hemisphere with over 40 million inhabitants and despite its small size the State accounts for 33.9% of Brazilian GDP. 

São Paulo also has the second highest Human Development Index, the fourth lowest infant mortality rate and the third lowest rate of illiteracy among the States of Brazil.

The State contains about 40% of Brazilian heavy industry. CETESB, the São Paulo State Environmental Company, serves on permitting pollution sources, monitoring the environment and transferring technology.

  • Key Targets / Successes

    The State’s Environmental Policy on Climate Change focuses on sustainable biofuels, forest protection and recovery, financial support to green cities and clean public transport. 

    In 2009 the State passed the Climate Change Law, setting a target 20% reduction on CO2 equivalent emissions by 2020. Further commitments were also made to stimulate the use of cleaner transportation by its citizens, and to restructure the Selective Collection of Waste until 2012, among other measures.

    The State has acknowledged that there is a need for the creation of benefits for using complementary technologies to the hydroelectric and bioelectric power plants. Solar energy is also known to be a technically feasible solution, creating positive effects in job and income generation as well as new business opportunities and market transformations.

  • Current activities

    Renewable energy

    São Paulo already produces a substantial amount of its electricity from renewable sources, mostly from sugarcane and hydropower.

    The State is planning to introduce solar PV micro-generation and aims to further foster biomass replacing fossil fuels.

    Clean transport

    Main works comprise metro lines, waterways and bicycle lanes.

    Sustainable land use

    São Paulo has 17.5%  of its territory covered by rainforest, with net area increase.

    Water and Waste management

    A severe drought is driving several measures to save and supply water, including restoration of riparian forests, water pricing, inter-basin connections and improved wastewater treatment. On waste, post-consumption responsibility is a priority. Two projects - Minimum Waste and the GreenBlue Municipality Program - contribute to sanitation improvements and solid waste management in the state of São Paulo.

    International collaboration

    Apart from The Climate Group, the São Paulo, represented by its Secretariat for the Environment, is also a member of the following international networks working on the issue of sustainable development: nrg4SD, ICLEI, FOGAR, R20 and the World Water Council.

    Smart cities

    São Paulo has three large Metropolitan Areas, with a population of 25 million inhabitants. Making this large area “smarter” is a continuous challenge.

  • More info

    Most important economic sectors

    Agriculture, industry, extraction industry, production and distribution of electricity and gas, water and sewer and urban sanitation, construction, services, trade, financial intermediation, insurance and supplementary social security and related services, administration, health care and public education and social security, as well as many other services.

    GHG breakdown by sector (%) (2005):

    Energy

    57.2%

    Industrial Processes

    14.7%

    Agriculture

    21.3%

    Land Use

    0%

    Total

    100%

    CO2 breakdown by sector (%) (2013, Energy Sector):

    Energy production

    4%

    Transport

    61%

    Buildings

    6%

    Industry

    27%

    Agriculture/forestry

    4%

    Current primary energy supply mix (%) (2013):

    Coal

     1.9%

    Nat Gas

    6.9%

    Nuclear

    0%

    Wind

    0%

    Solar

    0%

    Biomass

    35.0%

    Marine

    0%

    Renewables

    53.5%

    Current primary energy production mix (%) (2013):

    Coal

     0%

    Nat Gas

    5.9%

    Nuclear

    0%

    Wind

    0%

    Solar

    0%

    Biomass

    77.6%

    Marine

    0%

    Hydro

    16.5%

    Renewables

    94.1%

    Current power sector mix (%) (2013):

    Oil Products (Diesel, Fuel, Other)

    3%

     

    Nat gas

     

    4%

     

    Biomass (Bagasse, Black Liquor)

     

    3%

     

    Hydro

     

    90%

    (renewable: 93%)

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