Under2 Memorandum of Understanding

The Under2 Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) is an ambitious climate agreement for subnational governments.

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About the MOU

Although not legally binding, the Under2 MOU demonstrates a clear and lasting commitment from signatories to reduce emissions in the decades to come. Governments who sign or endorse the Under2 MOU become part of the Under2 Coalition.

In line with the Paris Agreement, the guiding principle for reduction of GHG emissions by 2050 must be to limit global warming to no more than 1.5°C. For Parties to this MOU, this means acting as climate leaders and pursuing an emissions reductions trajectory consistent with achieving net zero emissions by 2050 as a Coalition, and individual net zero emissions as soon as possible, in line with the most recent science.

With this new net zero target, the Under2 Coalition and its states, regions and provinces are once again stepping up, confronting the climate crisis and showing the world the path forward.

Jerry Brown, Former Governor of California and current Under2 Coalition Global Ambassador

Anyone who has read the latest IPCC report knows that achieving net zero emissions by 2050 at the latest will be key to ensuring that future generations have good living conditions on this planet. I therefore very much welcome the step that the Under2 Coalition - the world's largest subnational alliance in the fight against climate change - is taking to raise its ambitions in this crucial climate decade.

Franz Untersteller, Former Minister of the Environment, Climate Protection and the Energy Sector for Baden-Württemberg and current Under2 Coalition Global Ambassador

To join the Under2 Coalition, contact

Nehmat Kaur, Head of Global Government Relations, the Climate Group