States and regions

We bring together state and regional governments from around the world, with our members benefitting from global profiling, knowledge sharing, international networking and more. 

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Signatories and endorsers

Under2 Coalition members are classified as signatories or endorsers.

Our signatories are state, regional and provincial governments (shaded blue) as well as city and local governments (circled white) that have signed the Under2 Memorandum of Understanding

Our endorsers (shaded green) are national and state-level governments that wish to support the goals of the Under2 Coalition. 

2021 Memorandum of Understanding signatories

Key: (*) denotes the government is one of the 12 founding signatories

The 2021 Global Climate Leadership MOU aligns with the most recent science, as given in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change - Special Report: Global Warming of 1.5oC. It commits signatories to “pursuing an emissions reductions trajectory consistent with achieving net zero emissions by 2050 as a Coalition, and individual net zero emissions as soon as possible, in line with the most recent science”.

Africa

NIGERIA

SOUTH AFRICA

  • Gauteng - Appendix forthcoming

THE GAMBIA

  • Northbank Region - Appendix forthcoming 

Asia-Pacific

AUSTRALIA

INDONESIA

  • West Kalimantan - Appendix forthcoming

SOUTH KOREA

Europe

FRANCE

  • Brittany - Appendix forthcoming

GERMANY

ITALY

SPAIN

  • Andalucia - Appendix forthcoming 
  • Catalonia (*) - Appendix English
  • Galicia - Appendix forthcoming
  • Navarra - Appendix English
  • Xunta de Galicia - Appendix forthcoming

SWEDEN

  • Västra Götaland - Appendix forthcoming

UNITED KINGDOM

  • Isle of Man - Appendix forthcoming 
  • Northern Ireland - Appendix forthcoming 
  • Scotland - Appendix English

Latin America

BRAZIL

  • Acre (*) - Appendix English / Anexo Português
  • Amapá - Anexo Português
  • Amazonas - Appendix forthcoming
  • Ceará - Appendix forthcoming 
  • Mato Grosso do Sul - Appendix forthcoming
  • Minas Gerais - Appendix forthcoming
  • Pará - Appendix forthcoming
  • Parana - Appendix forthcoming
  • Pernambuco - Anexo Português
  • Rio de Janeiro - Appendix forthcoming
  • Rio Grande do Sul - Appendix forthcoming
  • São Paulo City - Appendix forthcoming

COLOMBIA

  • Antioquia - Appendix forthcoming
  • Boyacá - Appendix forthcoming
  • Caquéta - Apéndice Español

MEXICO

North America

CANADA

UNITED STATES 

2015 Memorandum of Understanding signatories

Key: (*) denotes the government is one of the 12 founding signatories

The 2015 Global Climate Leadership MOU set a standard for leadership that was sufficient for the Paris Agreement in 2015 i.e. 80-90% emissions reduction below 1990 levels by 2050 or below 2 tons per capita emissions by 2050, as per the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change - Fifth assessment report (AR5). 

Africa

KENYA

IVORY COAST

  • Assemblée des Régions de Côte d’Ivoire (ARDCI) - Appendix forthcoming (represents 33 subnational governments)

MOZAMBIQUE

SENEGAL

SOUTH AFRICA

Asia-Pacific

ARMENIA

AUSTRALIA

CHINA

  • Alliance of Peaking Pioneer Cities (APPC) - Appendix forthcoming (represents 23 subnational governments - currently inactive
  • Jiangsu Province (+) - Appendix forthcoming
  • Sichuan Province (+) - Appendix forthcoming

INDIA

  • Chhattisgarh - Appendix English
  • Jammu and Kashmir - Appendix forthcoming
  • Maharashtra - Appendix forthcoming
  • Telangana - Appendix forthcoming
  • West Bengal - Appendix forthcoming

INDONESIA

JAPAN

NEPAL

  • Kathmandu Valley - Appendix forthcoming

Europe

AUSTRIA

BELGIUM

FRANCE

GERMANY

GREECE

HUNGARY

ITALY

THE NETHERLANDS

NORWAY

PORTUGAL

SPAIN

SWEDEN

SWITZERLAND

UNITED KINGDOM

Latin America

ARGENTINA

BRAZIL

CHILE

COLOMBIA

ECUADOR

MEXICO

PERU

North America

CANADA

UNITED STATES 

National and state endorsements

National endorsements

  • Armenia (+) 
  • Canada (+) 
  • Chile (+) 
  • Costa Rica (+) 
  • Czech Republic (+) 
  • Denmark (+) 
  • Fiji (+) 
  • France (+) 
  • Germany (+) 
  • Italy (+) 
  • Japan (+) 
  • Luxembourg (+) 
  • Marshall Islands (+) 
  • Mexico (+) 
  • The Netherlands (+) 
  • Norway (+) 
  • Panama (+) 
  • Peru (+)
  • Portugal (+) 
  • Spain 
  • Sweden (+) 
  • United Kingdom (+) 

State endorsements

  • Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) (+) 
  • Association of Cities of County Rank (Hungary) (+) (represents 23 subnational governments)

To join the Under2 Coalition, contact

Nehmat Kaur, Head of Global Government Relations, Climate Group